Implications of Action-Oriented Paradigm Shifts in Cognitive Science

2016

Book Chapter

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An action-oriented perspective changes the role of an individual from a passive observer to an actively engaged agent interacting in a closed loop with the world as well as with others. Cognition exists to serve action within a landscape that contains both. This chapter surveys this landscape and addresses the status of the pragmatic turn. Its potential influence on science and the study of cognition are considered (including perception, social cognition, social interaction, sensorimotor entrainment, and language acquisition) and its impact on how neuroscience is studied is also investigated (with the notion that brains do not passively build models, but instead support the guidance of action). A review of its implications in robotics and engineering includes a discussion of the application of enactive control principles to couple action and perception in robotics as well as the conceptualization of system design in a more holistic, less modular manner. Practical applications that can impact the human condition are reviewed (e.g. educational applications, treatment possibilities for developmental and psychopathological disorders, the development of neural prostheses). All of this foreshadows the potential societal implications of the pragmatic turn. The chapter concludes that an action-oriented approach emphasizes a continuum of interaction between technical aspects of cognitive systems and robotics, biology, psychology, the social sciences, and the humanities, where the individual is part of a grounded cultural system.

Author(s): Peter F. Dominey and Tony J. Prescott and Jeannette Bohg and Andreas K. Engel and Shaun Gallagher and Tobias Heed and Matej Hoffmann and Günther Knoblich and Wolfgang Prinz and Andrew Schwartz
Book Title: The Pragmatic Turn - Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science
Volume: 18
Pages: 333--356
Year: 2016
Month: May

Series: Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 18, J. Lupp, series editor
Editors: Andreas K. Engel and Karl J. Friston and Danica Kragic
Publisher: The MIT Press

Department(s): Autonomous Motion
Bibtex Type: Book Chapter (incollection)
Paper Type: Book Chapter

Chapter: 20

Event Name: 18th Ernst Strüngmann Forum
Event Place: Frankfurt am Main
Institution: The Frankfurt Institute of Advanced Studies
ISBN: 9780262034326
State: In press
URL: https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/pragmatic-turn

Links: The Pragmatic Turn - Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science
18th Ernst Strüngmann Forum
Attachments: Bibliography
Chapter

BibTex

@incollection{2015_ESF_groupIV,
  title = {Implications of Action-Oriented Paradigm Shifts in Cognitive Science},
  author = {Dominey, Peter F. and Prescott, Tony J. and Bohg, Jeannette and Engel, Andreas K. and Gallagher, Shaun and Heed, Tobias and Hoffmann, Matej and Knoblich, G{\"u}nther and Prinz, Wolfgang and Schwartz, Andrew},
  booktitle = {The Pragmatic Turn - Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science},
  volume = {18},
  pages = {333--356},
  chapter = {20},
  series = {Strüngmann Forum Reports, vol. 18, J. Lupp, series editor},
  editors = {Andreas K. Engel and Karl J. Friston and Danica Kragic},
  publisher = {The MIT Press},
  institution = {The Frankfurt Institute of Advanced Studies},
  month = may,
  year = {2016},
  url = {https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/pragmatic-turn},
  month_numeric = {5}
}